At the start of your driving test , your examiner will ask you two of the "show me, tell me" questions. This is to check that you understand the basics of vehicle maintenance and that you can keep your vehicle roadworthy and safe.
Q. Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine oil level and tell me how you check that the engine has sufficient oil.
A. Open the bonnet and secure it with the strut. Explain that before carrying out the check you would ensure that the car is on level ground and that the oil has had time to settle. Identify the dipstick / oil level indicator. Explain that you would remove the dipstick, wipe it and then replace it fully. You would then remove it for a second time and check that the oil level was between the minimum and maximum markings, and that you would replace the dipstick securely.
Q. Open the bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir is and tell me how you would check that you have a sufficient level of hydraulic brake fluid.
A. Open the bonnet and secure it with the strut. Identify the brake fluid reservoir ( it is usually a small plastic container attached to the engine bulkhead, and will contain an oil-coloured fluid ). Check the fluid level in the bottle is between the high and low markings on the side of the clear plastic bottle.
Q. Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine coolant level and tell me how you would check that the engine has the correct level.
A. Open the bonnet and secure it with the strut. Identify the high/low level markings on the side of the header tank or the radiator filler cap. Describe how you would top up to the correct level.
Q. Identify where the windscreen washer bottle is and tell me how you would check the windscreen washer level.
A. Open the bonnet and secure it with the strut. Identify the windscreen washer reservoir ( it usually marked with a windscreen symbol) and explain how to check the level by looking through the lid or looking for the level through the side of the container.
Q. Show me how you check that the brake lights are working on this car. I can assist you. If you need to switch the ignition on, please don't start the engine.
A. Press the brake pedal and either make use of reflections in windows, garage doors, or another parked vehicle. You can ask the examiner to help by standing behind the car whilst you press the brake pedal ( the brake lights on some vehicles do not work unless the ignition is on ).
Q. Show me how you would check that the direction indicators are working.
A. Turn on the hazard warning lights and walk around the car to check that all the indicator bulbs are working( the test can also be carried out using the indicator switch - but for this the ignition must usually be on – and it is not recommended that you turn on the Ignition unless you are sat in the drivers seat ).
Q. Tell me how you would check that the headlights and tail lights are working ( no need to exit the vehicle ).
A. Operate the switch ( turn ignition on if necessary ), then explain that you would walk around the vehicle to check that they are all working.
Q. Show me how you would switch your headlights from dipped to main beam and explain how you would know the main beam was on whilst in the car.
A. Operate switch ( with ignition or engine on if necessary ) and check the main beam warning light ( usually blue ).
Q. Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when you would use it/them ( no need to exit the vehicle ).
A. Operate the switch ( turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary ). check warning light is on. Explain that you would use them when visibility is reduced to less than 100 metres and switch them off again when visibility improves.
Q. Show me how you would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washer and wipers.
A. Operate control to wash and wipe the windscreen ( turn on the ignition if necessary ).
Q. Show me how you would set the demister controls to clear all the windows effectively, this should include the front and rear screens.
A. Set all the relevant controls including: fan ( and air conditioning if fitted ), temperature, air direction / source and heated front/rear screens to clear windscreen and windows. The engine does not have to be started for this demonstration.
Q. Show me / explain how you would check that the power assisted steering is working before starting on a journey.
A. If the steering becomes heavy the system may not be working properly. Before starting a journey simple checks can be made. Gentle pressure on the steering wheel, maintained while the engine is started, should result in a slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate. Alternatively, turning the steering wheel just after moving off will give an immediate indication that the power assisted steering is functioning. If the steering is very heavy then the system has failed.
Q. Show me how you would check that the horn is working ( off road only ).
A. The check is carried out by locating the horn control and pressing it ( you should only carry out this check if it is legal for you to do so). Also, some cars do not allow the horn to operate until the ignition is switched on.
Q. Tell me how you would check that the brakes are working before starting a journey.
A. Explain that, immediately after staring the engine and setting off, the brakes should be tested in a safe area by applying them firmly. The vehicle should not pull to one side, and the brakes should not feel spongy or slack.
Q. Show me how you would check the parking brake ( handbrake ) for excessive wear, make sure you keep safe control of the vehicle.
A. Apply the foot brake firmly. Demonstrate by releasing and then applying the parking brake, so that when it is fully applied it secures itself and is not at the end of its working travel ( the cable that the handbrake operates should be tight enough to prevent the car from rolling, before the point at which the hand brake mechanism cannot go any further ).
Q. Tell me how you would know if there was a problem with your anti-lock braking system.
A. Explain that a warning light should illuminate if there is fault with the anti-lock braking system.
Q. Tell me how you make sure you head-restraint is correctly adjusted so it provides the best protection in the event of a crash.
A. Explain that the head-restraint should be adjusted so the rigid part of the head-restraint is at least as high as the eyes or the top of the ears, and is as close to the back of the head as is comfortable ( some restraints might not be adjustable ).
Q. Tell me how you would check the tyres to ensure they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.
A. Explain that there should be no bulges or cuts in the tread or in the side wall and a minimum tread depth of 1.6mm across the central ¾ of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire circumference. A tyre tread depth gauge can give an accurate measure of the tread depth.
Q. Tell me where you would find the information for the recommended tyre pressure for this car and how tyre pressures should be checked.
A. Explain that the correct tyre pressures can be found in the manufacturer's guide or vehicle hand book ( they are often printed on a label on the inside of the fuel filler lid or inside one of the front door frames ). Explain that you would use a reliable pressure gauge, checking and adjusting the pressures when the tyres are cold. You also need to check and adjust the spare tyre's pressure and remember to fit all the valve caps.
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